Detecting PC early through routine screening provides more options for non-invasive treatment.
The digital rectal exam, or DRE, is the most common example for early screening of prostate cancer. It is a part of a full physical for a man. The DRE combined with PSA helps to identify prostate cancer at its earliest stages.
A DRE is a normal part of a full physical for a man. During the DRE, your doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum and feels the back wall of the prostate gland for enlargement, tenderness, lumps, or hard spots. The prostate is located just in front of the rectum. Normally, it will feel smooth, however if the doctor notices any changes in the texture, shape, or size of your prostate, he may recommend further tests to be taken.